Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) is significantly reducing soybean yield in the U.S. by attacking soybean roots and inhibiting nutrient uptake. It was introduced in Illinois in the 1970s and is here to stay. This pest is very well established, and its wrath affects around 80 percent of soybean farmers today.
A notable success in pest management occurred when university breeders developed resistant varieties to effectively combat SCN. Most of the soybean varieties sold today consist of the same (PI 88788) resistance. However, this story does not have a happy ending as a SCN HG type was able to adapt to this resistance; therefore, reproducing on resistant varieties, which allows the pest to continually build in numbers across many fields. Consequently, the most important management tool against SCN has been weakened.
The second most important management strategy against SCN is a rotation with a non-host crop such as corn to help to deplete SCN populations. Seed treatments are a third management tool but only affects the first wave of juveniles that attack the roots and do not provide season long protection. We currently need a multifaceted approach to combat SCN but also want to look at other management tools such as cover crops.
Further research funded by the Illinois Soybean Association is helping us gain a deeper understanding of cover crops and their potential to mitigate damage caused by SCN. It is going to take several years to gain adequate data to learn more about cover crops’ influence on SCN management. At the same time, researchers can also continue assessing cover crops’ environmental importance as well as overall profitability for the farmer. For further research updates, go to ILSoyAdvisor.com/learn.
As Research Agronomist for the Illinois Soybean Association (ISA), Jennifer Jones works on behalf of Illinois soybean farmers in the development and the implementation of conservation agricultural research and outreach programs. She supports research efforts and helps communicate both in-field and edge-of-field research and validation studies to ISA’s farmer audiences; leads demonstration of conservation agriculture practices; and raises awareness of best management and continuous improvement practices for conservation agriculture in Illinois. Contact Jennifer at email@example.com.
The Illinois Soybean Association (ISA) checkoff and membership programs represent more than 43,000 soybean farmers in Illinois. The checkoff funds market development, soybean production and government relations efforts, while the membership program, Illinois Soybean Growers (ISG) and the Illinois Soybean Growers PAC actively advocates for positive and impactful legislation for farmers at local, state and national levels. ISA upholds the interests of Illinois soybean farmers through promotion, advocacy, research and education with the vision of becoming a trusted partner of Illinois soybean farmers to ensure their profitability now and for future generations.