AJ Woodyard, technical crop production specialist at BASF, discusses management strategies for the 2017 soybean season based on research collected at the BASF Midwest Research Farm. Woodyard covers planting date, soybean population, maturity group, seed treatment, foliar fungicides and soybean fertility needs.
Soybeans are “light harvesters”
Soybeans need bright, sunny conditions, especially during pod fill
Unlike corn, harvesting enough light is a limiting factor for soybean yield
Maximizing photosynthesis and growth rate is most critical from stages R1 to R3
Consider strategies to help maximize canopy photosynthesis
Managing soybeans today requires new thinking
Chilling injury occurs during the first 24 hours of seed imbibing water; it can occur when soil temps dip below 50 degrees F within 24 hours of planting. After 24 hours (osmotic phase) chilling injury is a lower concern
Consider secondary pests. Disease and root growth are concerns
Seed treatments improve survivability and early vigor
What should we watch for in soybeans?
Flowering date and summer solstice
Canopy closure and summer solstice
Count number of nodes
Evaluate the health of the trifoliate associated with critical nodes
Dig up plants and assess nodules
Understand timing of fungicides/plant health
Understand potential yield loss
Take risks to earn rewards
Strategies for maximizing canopy photosynthesis will lead to increased yields
Agronomics + crop management = success
As with any crop, it takes environmental cooperation to see record yields
The Illinois Soybean Association (ISA) checkoff and membership programs represent more than 43,000 soybean farmers in Illinois. The checkoff funds market development and utilization efforts while the membership program supports the government relations interests of Illinois soybean farmers at the local, state, and national level, through the Illinois Soybean Growers (ISG). ISA upholds the interests of Illinois soybean producers through promotion, advocacy, and education with the vision of becoming a market leader in sustainable soybean production and profitability.