In-Season Agronomy

Injury Potential to Very Early-Planted Soybean from Various Soil-Residual Herbicides / Active Ingredients

While interest in planting soybeans earlier continues to increase, concerns around preemergence (PRE) herbicide injury to emerging seedlings continue to linger. Early planting often means cold, wet soil conditions that can delay seed germination and prolong plant emergence. These conditions can reduce the plant’s ability to metabolize PRE herbicides and result in crop injury. This project will test several herbicides and classes of chemistry to better understand which are more prone to cause crop injury under early planting conditions.

Project Information

  • What are the crop injury risks associated with PRE herbicides in very early-planted soybeans?
  • University of Illinois Crop Sciences Research and Education Center, Urbana
  • The lure of potential yield increases combined with changes and advances in seed treatments, varieties, equipment and climate are spurring more farmers into planting soybeans weeks earlier than historical average planting dates.
  • However, several variables can contribute to crop injury and sabotage the quest for higher yield. Cold, wet soil conditions often delay soybean seed germination and prolong seedling emergence. These conditions not only increase the length of exposure to PRE herbicides, but they also reduce the soybean plant’s ability to metabolize the herbicide, both of which increase crop injury potential.
  • Farmers will have access to crop injury ratings for common PRE herbicides to better inform their weed management decisions when planting soybeans earlier than the norm.
  • Insights from this research will influence additional research with very early-planted soybeans, such as including a cover crop, soybean row spacing for optimal weed control, etc.
  • Logan Miller, Research Specialist, UIUC

About the Lead Researcher

Dr. Aaron Hager
Professor & Weed Science Extension Specialist
University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (UIUC)

Are you a farmer or advisor?

If you’re a farmer or advisor, we invite you to take our Soybean Production Concerns Survey linked below to help guide future ISA research efforts. We also encourage you to contact us below with specific production challenge research ideas.

Are you a researcher?

If you’re a researcher interested in working with ISA on a project, we encourage you to contact us with your ideas. The RFP will open in early March. Contact us below to be added to the mailing list for more information.