Funded by the Illinois Soybean Association checkoff program.

Climate

Brazil Drought Impacts Soybean Production

Early season drought issues across Southern Brazil (Mato Grosso Do Sul, Parana, and Rio Grande do Sul) robbed Brazil of a record setting soybean crop for the 2021-22 growing season. Stagnant high-pressure plus a lack of cold fronts moving north out of Argentina led to about 40% of Southern Brazil’s soybean growing area receiving less than 60% of normal rainfall through late January.

By |March 23, 2022|

CRP Grasslands Helps Farmers And Landowners Protect Grassland

The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Grasslands signup helps Illinois farmers and landowners protect grassland, including rangeland, and pastureland and others, while maintaining the areas as working grazing lands. Protecting grasslands contributes positively to the economy of many regions across the state, promotes biodiversity of plant and animal populations, and also results in carbon sequestration benefits. USDA’s Farm Service Agency (FSA) has updated the Grassland signup to a minimum rental rate of $15 per acre, benefitting 1,300 counties. The signup is competitive, and FSA will provide annual rental payments for land devoted to conservation purposes. “Producers can enroll their working [...]

By |August 6, 2021|

Current U.S. Drought Conditions for Illinois

To view current U.S. drought conditions, check out the Current U.S. Drought Monitor Conditions for Illinois.  The U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) is updated each Thursday to show the location and intensity of drought across the country. The map shows drought conditions across Illinois using a five-category system, from Abnormally Dry (D0) conditions to Exceptional Drought (D4). The USDM is a joint effort of the National Drought Mitigation Center, USDA, and NOAA. Learn more. The following state-specific drought impacts were compiled by the National Drought Mitigation Center. While these impacts are not exhaustive, they can help provide a clearer picture [...]

By |June 15, 2021|

Current Soil & Moisture Conditions and Outlooks to Summer

2020 marked the third consecutive year with statewide total annual precipitation above the long-term average, and it was the eighth wetter than average calendar year since 2011. However, the statewide totals do not paint a complete picture of current moisture conditions around the state. While the wet trend continued throughout the year in southern Illinois and parts of northern Illinois, drought developed and has persisted in central Illinois. Here I will summarize current moisture conditions and both temperature and precipitation outlooks through spring. Current Conditions Virtually every part of Illinois was wetter than average through the first half of [...]

By |April 5, 2021|

Sunlight and Soybeans

July is an interesting month for soybean growers. The crop has been planted and most of the post-emergence herbicide applications have been completed. With the exception of potential fungicide application, most of the factors that are within the farmer’s control are past. Weather will be the biggest factor in determining the size of the soybean crop. To understand the role that weather plays in determining yield, I spoke with Dr. Emerson Nafziger from the University of Illinois. Dr. Nafziger points out that soybean yield potential is determined in July and yield is created in August. Setting Pods The number [...]

By |July 8, 2020|

Climate Risk and Adaptations

Illinois Sustainable Ag Partnership (ISAP) is hosting a risk management webinar series this summer. Recaps of the presentations and a link to the full presentations will be provided here after each webinar. The June 18 webinar focused on climate risk and how farmers can adapt. Eric Snodgrass, Principal Atmospheric Scientist at Nutrien Ag Solutions, started by presenting data on the climate changes Illinois farmers have experienced over the past 30 years. Most farmers can anecdotally support that we are getting precipitation differently, i.e., rain events have been heavier and dry periods longer. But is the distribution around the state [...]

By |July 1, 2020|

A Brief Illinois Climate and Water Summary and Outlook for 2020 So Far

The year 2020 started out very wet and warm throughout most of Illinois. Statewide precipitation averaged 10.30 inches through the end of March, 3.21 inches above the long-term (1981–2010) average and the tenth highest for the January–March period on record (back to 1895). This amount is also roughly comparable with that received in 2019 (10.58 inches) and 2018 (10.09 inches) for the same period. The central and southern parts of Illinois were particularly wet, with many areas receiving over 150% of their January–March average. The wet conditions also contributed to high soil moisture and streamflows throughout most of the [...]

By |April 30, 2020|

How Does Weather Outlook Impact Management Decisions?

As Dr. Below from the University of Illinois has proven to us time and time again, weather has a significant impact on the quality of a crop, its development and its final yield performance. Over the years we can pick out specific periods where weather had a major effect on crop growth, such as 2012 and 2019. Weather can directly impact planting decisions and needs to be evaluated for potential replant risk. Over the last five years, several companies have introduced tools to provide predictions of weather and potential risk. As an Illinois CCA, I take this information and [...]

By |April 9, 2020|

A Warm and Wet Winter So Far for Illinois’ Soils

Despite the recent cold, Illinois has had a warm winter so far with air temperatures averaging 7.3° F above normal as of Jan. 18. This weather has led to warmer and wetter soils across the state. Statewide, soil temperatures at depths of 4 inches under bare soil averaged 38.0° between Dec. 1 and Jan. 18, 1.3° warmer than last winter and 3.0° higher than the long-term average. These numbers were greatly influenced by the balmier weather at the end of December when soil temperatures were 10–15° above normal with daily highs in the upper 50s. The state did see [...]

By |January 31, 2020|

Looking for the Silver Lining

2019 has been a year to remember, or maybe, it has been a year most of us in the agriculture community would like to forget. Late planting, variable rainfall all summer, followed by a wet and cold fall have made for many “headaches” this year. Many farmers are still trying to get crops harvested a few days before Thanksgiving. The cold, wet fall has led to many challenges such as harvesting higher-moisture corn, muddy fields, compaction, lack of cover crops getting planted and less tillage, and fewer fall fertilizer applications than most farmers would have liked. This has left [...]

By |December 13, 2019|
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